Jeddah (sometimes spelled Jiddah orJedda ; English pronunciation: /ˈdʒɛdə/; Arabic:جدة JiddaHejazipronunciation: [d͡ʒe̞dda]) is a city in the Hijaz Tihamah region on the coast of the Red Sea and is the major urban center of western Saudi Arabia. It is the largest city in Makkah Province, the largest sea port on the Red Sea, and the second-largest city in Saudi Arabia after the capital city, Riyadh. With a population currently at 3.4 million people, Jeddah is an important commercial hub in Saudi Arabia.
Jeddah is the principal gateway to Mecca,Islam‘s holiest city, which able-bodiedMuslims are required to visit at least once in their lifetime. It is also a gateway to Medina, the second holiest place in Islam.
Economically, Jeddah is focusing on further developing capital investment in scientific and engineering leadership within Saudi Arabia, and the Middle East. Jeddah was independently ranked fourth in the Africa –Mid-East region in terms of innovation in 2009 in the Innovation Cities Index.
Jeddah is one of Saudi Arabia’s primary resort cities and was named a Gamma world city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network (GaWC). Given the city’s close proximity to the Red Sea, fishing and seafood dominates the food culture unlike other parts of the country. The city has been labeled as “different” by the majority of Saudis in an effort to promote tourism in the city, that had been previously perceived as “most open” city in Saudi Arabia.
1,600 km2 (600 sq mi)
12 m (39 ft)
(5 digit codes beginning with 21; e.g. 21453)
A passport valid for at least six months and a visa are required to enter Saudi Arabia. Visas are issued for business and work, visiting close relatives, transit and religious visits by Muslims. All visas require a sponsor and they can take 2-3 weeks to process. Then they must be obtained and stamped on the passport through the diplomatic missions of Saudi Arabia before arrival to the country, where there is an application to be filled and submitted along with a copy of the visa approval receipt (will be forwarded by the organizing committee of the conference), a recent photo (x 2) and some other required documents according to the country. To contact the diplomatic missions of Saudi Arabia world-wide, kindly follow this link: